Rats can live near water bodies and hunt around pools, lakes, and rivers. This makes you wonder if rats have a natural preference for water bodies or if they make do.
Rats prefer to live near water bodies while spending most of their time on dry land. Water bodies such as rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds offer food sources for rats.
These locations are brimming with aquatic life, including fish, worms, and edible plants, which rats will readily hunt and consume when hungry.
Rats require water to survive, so living near water sources is advantageous to them.
They can drink water without having to cover long distances. Rats can hold their breath for long periods of time, treading water for several days and conserving energy while they swim.
It’s often assumed that wild rats are afraid of water. In truth, rats like water and often build their nests near water bodies. Ideal places for rats to live include:
That’s because there are many natural advantages for a rat living near water, including:
Rivers, ponds, and streams are teeming with aquatic life forms.
These can range from fish to earthworms, algae, and other plants, all of which a rat can feed on. By gaining easy access to this food supply, rats don’t need to work as hard to keep themselves well-fed.
Living near water bodies is advantageous for rats since it allows them to feed on the available flora and fauna without foraging for long distances.
The plentiful food in water bodies provides the perfect conditions for rats to breed and raise their pups. Their offspring won’t need to travel far or contend with as many predators to get the food they need.
Supply of Drinking Water
Wild rats need water to survive. So, establishing nests close to water bodies is beneficial since it ensures that they have a dependable source of drinking water.
Without a reliable supply of water in their environment, wild rats may be forced to travel long distances searching for this valuable resource.
Although rats can defend themselves, these long treks are often dangerous since they put them at risk of attacks by predators. These include wild cats, raccoons, and ferrets.
Cool Themselves in Hot Weather
While rats are resilient creatures capable of surviving in varied environmental conditions, they’re still susceptible to extreme weather.
When the temperatures in their environment rise beyond the optimal levels, they may overheat and suffer heatstroke. This can cause significant organ damage and even death.
Since rats can’t sweat, they need to find alternative ways to cool their bodies when the weather becomes too hot. Fortunately, living near water bodies allows them to take dips to reduce their body temperature.
In particular, rats will expand their blood vessels in their tails and feet to let blood circulate with greater frequency. That carries heat out to these hairless appendages.
Submerging in cool water saps out the heat and allows the rat to circulate the cooler blood back into its body. This brings down its temperature and allows it to survive in hotter conditions.
We know that rats can run, climb, and jump long distances. However, in addition to these feats, rats are skilled swimmers, so they have no problem living near water bodies.
According to the University of Nebraska, rats can swim up to ½ a mile at a time. They can tread through water for up to 3 days, even with strong currents.
Their ability to change the rate at which they paddle with their feet makes it possible for them to swim long distances without succumbing to fatigue.
If that isn’t impressive enough, rats can hold their breath underwater for up to 3 minutes. They can also swim in very tight spaces due to their collapsible rib cages.
Rats are attracted to water sources since these locations allow them to meet their feeding and hydration needs. Water bodies like ponds, streams, and rivers contain aquatic life forms that rats can hunt for food.
Similarly, water bodies provide a steady supply of drinking water, thus eliminating the need to move long distances in search of hydration. Rats need water every day.
If rats can’t secure it outdoors in their immediate environment, they’ll venture into people’s homes in search of it. This is why leaving pet bowls unattended can attract rats to your house.
Canals have an abundance of flora and fauna, making them desirable nesting and breeding locations for rats. Since rats are great swimmers, they can dive into canals to hunt for food.
Common prey includes:
- Small fish
Rats can dive into the waters to flee predators and pursuers.
Wild rat populations can be found in the areas surrounding large water bodies, including lakes. They like to live near lakes since there’s lots of food in these locations.
Some of the foods that rats can hunt and forage for near lakes include:
Living near lakes also provides rats with a reliable supply of drinking water.
Rats like to live near rivers since they can easily access aquatic plants and animals, including:
- Small birds
- Bird eggs
As mentioned, rats are expert swimmers, capable of paddling for long distances, even in fast-moving water currents. Therefore, they can hunt and forage for food in rivers.
Swimming pools are usually appealing to rats since they offer drinking water. In addition, swimming pool equipment such as pumps, heaters, and filters provide warm nesting locations.
While the chlorine found in pools is off-putting, rats can learn to tolerate and overcome this dislike based on the other advantages that a swimming pool offers.
Rats are fond of water bodies and build their nests close to them. Still-water bodies, such as ponds and canals, are particularly attractive to rats.
They’re easier to swim in than fast-moving water currents found in rivers and streams. In addition, they contain plants and animal life, which rats can hunt for food.
Rats love to hang around moist areas since these locations provide drinking water.
While mice can survive on the water content in their food, rats can’t. So, they’ll often set up their nests in moist locations to access water easily.
Rats are terrestrial creatures, which means they don’t have the physical adaptations required to live inside water for long periods of time.
However, rats are capable swimmers that can wade through open waters for up to 3 days. They can also hold their breath underwater for up to 3 minutes and swim for up to half a mile without drowning.
According to Frontiers in Physiology, rats can vary their swimming force and paddling rate to conserve energy, which allows them to cover greater distances without getting exhausted.